The Chang'e-6 mission was launched on a Long March 5 rocket by China on May the 3rd, and returning to earth on June 25th. This was the first mission to reach and return samples from the far side of the moon. The mission retrieved 2 kilograms of lunar material from the Apollo crater, which hope to provide insights into the moon's geology and history of the early solar system. The mission was supported by the Queqiao-2 lunar relay satellite, in order to maintain communications with the spacecraft throughout the mission.

This mission in particular, forms part of China's broader lunar ambitions, which include the upcoming Chang'e-7 and Chang'e-8 missions, aimed at testing capabilities for in-situ resource utilization . These efforts are precursors to the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), set to be constructed throughout the 2030s, with will ultimately support Chinese astronauts on the lunar surface in the 2030's.

This was a highly sophisticated mission, highlighting China's growing prowess in space technology, and long term ambitions of space exploration.